Ein Urheberrecht für die Urheber

Der eigentliche Zweck des Urheberrechts, nämlich den Urheber zu schützen und ihm für seine schöpferische Tätigkeit ein Auskommen zu sichern, ist in der Praxis längst ausgehebelt worden. Das gilt besonders für die Filmbranche. Ein Autor, der einen Drehbuchvertrag unterschreibt, tritt mit seiner Unterschrift de facto sämtliche Rechte an seinem Werk ab und muss sich obendrein den Preis für seine Arbeit diktieren lassen. Gegen die Marktmacht der Fernsehsender hat der einzelne Autor keine Chance.

Selbst wenn sich Urheber in Berufsverbänden organisieren, läuft es für sie nicht unbedingt besser. Das hat sich in den Verhandlungen zu gemeinsamen Vergütungsregeln gezeigt, die der VDD über Jahre hinweg mit dem ZDF geführt hat. Das Ergebnis war so ernüchternd, dass sich eine Schar wütender Drehbuchautoren, die bislang nicht im VDD waren, unter dem Label NORAU zusammengetan hat, um geschlossen in den Verband einzutreten. Das erklärte Ziel: die Vereinbarung mit dem ZDF schnellstmöglich zu kündigen.

Selbst wenn das geschähe, stellt sich immer noch die Frage, wie eine bessere Vereinbarung mit den Sendern zu erzielen wäre – schließlich hat der VDD über Jahre hinweg hartnäckig verhandelt. Das Ergebnis war offenbar das Beste, was herauszuholen war. Ein Berufsverband wie der VDD ist eben keine Gewerkschaft mit Pflichtmitgliedschaft wie die Writer’s Guild in den USA, die mit einem Streik ganz Hollywood lahmlegen kann. Schon allein deshalb sind die in der letzten Urheberrechtsreform geforderten Gemeinsamen Vergütungsregeln offenkundig kein geeignetes Mittel, einen fairen Ausgleich zwischen den Interessen der Urheber und der Verwerter zu schaffen.

In der Süddeutschen Zeitung hat Drehbuchautor Fred Breinersdorfer jetzt einen äußerst interessanten Vorschlag veröffentlicht, der das Potential hat, diese festgefahrene Diskussion nachhaltig zu verändern. Seiner Meinung nach sollten Filme durch eine Urheberrechtsreform nach einer bestimmten Sperrfrist eine Internet-Zwangslizenz erhalten. So verrückt wie das klingt, ist das gar nicht. Vorbild für diesen Vorschlag ist die existierende Zwangslizenz für das Nachspielen von Musikstücken: Jeder kann veröffentlichte Musiktitel nachspielen – er muss nur den Urheber an seinen Erlösen angemessen beteiligen. Dafür zahlt er Gebühren an die GEMA.

Wie wäre es also mit einer Film-GEMA für im Internet verbreitete Filme? Und vielleicht nicht nur Kino-, sondern auch Fernsehfilme?

Der unbestrittene Charme von Fred Breinersdorfers Idee besteht darin, dass sie die üblichen Rechteverwerter außen vorläßt, die es mit ihrer eifersüchtigen Rechte-Heimserei nicht schaffen, ein umfassendes, legales Angebot für Filme im Internet auf die Beine zu stellen, nur um damit das Feld illegalen Streaming-Plattformen zu überlassen, mit denen sich zwielichtige Gestalten eine goldene Nase verdienen, während die Urheber in die Röhre gucken.

Aus Sicht eines Piraten bringt es Bruno Kamm auf seinem Blog schön auf den Punkt:

„Fred Breinersdorfer hat mit seinem Vorstoß die Verwerterindustrie entwaffnet, ihnen das Weihwasser im Kampf gegen den freien Zugang zu Kultur genommen, denn er fordert Urheberrechte für die Urheber und nimmt dabei den Verwertern das Kernargument ihres Kreuzzuges gegen die Piraterie: Das Urheberrecht.“

Wobei Fred Breinersdorfers Vorschlag eben gerade nicht darin besteht, alles im Internet kostenlos verfügbar zu machen. Es geht darum, einen legalen Markt nach dem Vorbild der Streaming-Plattformen zu schaffen, auf denen Erlöse durch Werbung oder Premium-Angebote erzielt werden, an denen die Urheber über eine Verwertungsgesellschaft direkt beteiligt werden.

Natürlich wird die Verwertungsindustrie alles daran setzen, eine Urheberrechtsreform, die mehr den Urhebern als den Verwertern nützt, zu verhindern. Das Spannende an Fred Breinersdorfers Vorschlag ist, dass er die dröge Debatte ums Urheberrecht auf die eigentlich zentrale Frage herunterbricht: Wie lässt sich ein Urheberrecht gestalten, das in erster Linie den Urhebern nützt anstatt den Verwertern?

Auch wenn Breinersdorfers Vorschlag wenig Aussicht hat, jemals Realität zu werden, hilft er vielleicht, die festgefahrene Debatte ums Urheberrecht neu zu beleben. Allein damit wäre viel gewonnen.

85 thoughts on “Ein Urheberrecht für die Urheber

  1. Wow, amazing job! I would have never thought of doing something like that. The pants were adorable, but you really made them perfect by converting them!And the model looks cute as a button!

  2. Schade, dass ich keine Zeit hatte, ich hätte mir auch einiges davon gekauft. Vor allem den Kübelspeck. Die Strasser-Butter wäre ja vom Erzeuger um 1 EUR teurer als von meinem Bioladen?

  3. Rafa al final creo que lo que pondra es la voz a Smaug y que el personaje del Nigromante (que no recuerdo del libro) si que sera en CGI con lo cual habra captura de movimientos.Un saludo

  4. A young girl called me “sir” today and it shocked me. I know that they are taught to address men as “sir” here in the South, but it makes me feel that I am somehow separated from them by being older. Like I am a different creature, almost not human. “Dogman” sounds better.

  5. dit :Oh ben alors ! Moi j’adore toujours tes jeux de mots, on sent que tu aimes les chercher, les trouver, nous les faire partager :)Ça me fait penser qu’il faut que j’actualise ma blogroll 😉

  6. Hussein Obama? I guess that really is the man’s name.We need to take Steve’s idea that Hussein is a con man seriously. Some of us can spot a con almost instantly, but most people can’t.It’s pretty clear to me that Obama’s a con man, almost as smooth in his own way as the man who occupied the White House through most of the 90s.

  7. eu gostaria que ja que as ruas vão ter nome. pediria que umas dessas rua tivese o nome do meu pai que ja é falecido. pois chegamos pra morar em miritituba em 1978, quando tudo isso era apenas floresta.ai vai o meu pedido ou sugestão do mone: av.rua. Domingos moreira BatistaGrato: Evanilson Campos BatistaSão Paulo 24/06/2012

  8. Otra cosa es la cruceta con los botes de direccion independientes, al menos en el Gear me pasaba que como el botón de direccion es todo una pieza y yo tengo un ristra de chorizos en vez de dedos cuando cambiaba de armas a veces se elegia al granada en vez de la recortada ahora yo no es posible ese error.

  9. Kun olet kertonut leveästi kuinka kokeneita matkailijoita olette ei nyt ihan nämä tarinat tue tuota väitettä.Pistäkää pullonkorkki kiinni ja koittakaa oikeasti nauttia lomasta niin asiat sujuu paremmin.

  10. l´a bien raison de s´insurger le papi.les gens agés sont pas moins considérés qu´un tas de détritus, une charge inutile, par cette société obsessionelle de consommation et de son immaturité narcissique grotesque définie par le non moins grotesque label « ageism ».

  11. I read this as meaning that it’s pretty good in comparison to the rest of the show so far. However, objectively speaking, it’s only decent/mediocre (or whatever he sees two stars as representing). But I could be wrong.

  12. Další:1 Petr19 Navíc tu máme nesmírně spolehlivé slovo proroků a vy děláte dobře, že se ho držíte jako lampy zářící v temnotách, dokud se nerozbřeskne den a ve vašich srdcích nevzejde jitřenka.20 Především vězte, že žádné proroctví Písma nevzniklo z vlastního názoru proroka.21 Proroctví totiž nikdy nepřišlo z lidské vůle, ale Boží lidé mluvili, jak byli puzeni Duchem svatým.Nuže? Čekám na vaše zpochybnění této zcela zjevné tendence.

  13. We are headed for a meltdown on all levels of our society. The same ol same ol of Hillary aint going to help. So we have baby murders, this mess at Auburn, the usual slaughter in the hood and we are numb, almost shrugging it off at times. By the way I did go to Nat Turner’s Revenge (author-proff Chambers‘ blog) and those suggestions for winning Penns. seemed pretty ambitious but very creative. Field Negro–you and he should run for President and VP under the Jamaican Party banner!!!

  14. Nämen, jag blir lite förvånad. Jag brukar varje vecka försöka tänja ordet vi ska tolka så långt jag kan. Lite av tjusningen i det hela,fantasin är det som sätter gränsen.Ha det fint alla trissare och du gör ett fantastiskt jobb som kör fototriss vecka efter vecka.Tack/AX

  15. MEU DEUS QUE MENSAGEM LINDA. ;_;"Espero que vocês gostem do Brasil, e principalmente dos fãs brasileiros, e voltem para nos visitar sempre. ^^" – eles precisam voltar novamente, claro, mas da próxima vez eu vou. Ç-Ç@__shinkirou

  16. What if I want to play my drums at 145 Bpm and the melody (Piano) 195 Bpm how can I do that? because if I change one pattern’s Bpm all other patterns change also. (and if they ask to change all channels to the Bpm you chose and you chose no, they still change it) What should I do????

  17. Enfin, la perspective d’une solution à un état fait bouger les choses. Le CRIF reste dans une approche de titre de propriété divin, ce qui ne l’honore pas. JCALL comprend qu’un état de quelques millions d’habitants ne peut pas durablement dicter l’ordre des choses dans une région peuplée de centaines de millions de personnes, même s’il a raison.

  18. They have Greek yogurt pumpkin!! We don’t have the coffee yet and I can’t wait for the pumpkin cereal bars!! I’m so excited for all of the pumpkin! I want to go to TJ’s now and see if anything new is in stock!!! Thanks for telling me!!

  19. That is correct the Quebec approval of the settlement by Justice Marcotte was issued on October 4th. All 3 courts hearing the application for approval have approved the settlement. We now wait for other provinces’ courts to approve enforcement which is a formality. The wait is ALMOST over.

  20. bonsoir, sincèrement, je ne comprends pas tout dans le moindre détail à toutes vos propositions et ce du fait que je m’y connais pas assez. Cependant, je crois piger l’essentiel alors biensur, je vous soutiens!!

  21. hello. I’m selling my canon speedlite 270ex. I was disappointed after buying it since when I use it, it’s too over exposed. I need to rotate the flash and put it in the up-est position just so the light will bounce and so the shots will not be too much exposed. My classmate suggested for me to buy yongnuo yn648. What is your advice?

  22. > MiniphasmeAu risque de me répéter, c’est bien mon avis aussi… Sous le contrôle des anglophones de ce forum, je remarquerais toutefois que « Don’t save the auteuresse too » ne me paraît pas très catholique…

  23. Ich werde mich bemühen… @SpiKö: Trillerpfeife? Das wäre auch ein gutes Rätsel-Ding – scheidet allerdings nach diesem Kommentar dauerhaft aus…@co_ki_net: Jaaaaaa – nicht immer – aber immer öfter…

  24. lovely stitch markers! I made a small capelet for my daughter to dress up a basic long sleeve t in winter. It is creamy with a bit of silver sparkle and a wee bit o lace at the edges. Very winter, very feminine!

  25. interesting things (“pollution is aggression”) but would be able to accomplish maybe 1% of his ideasI don’t call it bigotry to vote against the candidates who are not Mitt Romney. Even if I were not LDS, I would probably overlook his pandering in favor of his competence.

  26. Mark Twain on Occupy Wall Street — think it would burn all of our ears.Amusingly, My Little Hometown has an Occupy movement — the paper showed one scruffy college student with a bullhorn.

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  28. Serkesh 16 Eylül 2009 Explorer , Firefox gibi tarayıcılara yönelik saldırı için pek çok geliÅŸmiÅŸ metot ve yazılım mevcut.Ancak opera popüler bir internet tarayıcısı olmadığından bir hedef teÅŸkil etmiyor.Bu yüzdende güvenlik açıklarıyla pek uÄŸraşılmıyor.Bu yüzden bende normal kullanımda opera kullanıyorum.Ancak Webtasarım çalışmaları nedeniyle tüm tarayıcılar Pc’mde mevcut.

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  30. Hola,yo me entere hace 6 meses d q soy vih positiva,Acabo d comenzar mi tramiento pues estoy embarazada,no tenia idea d q fuese tan caro el tratamiento,le Doy gracias al seguro y a las instituciones Por otorgarlo gratuitamente.

  31. Scanning some of the postings made today, 29 November, on Twitter and political blogs, I collected 56 complaints from the ABC audience about the ABC’s conduct. That’s just in one day, and I’m sure to have missed many! Every day of the week, hour by hour, people are going to online venues to publicly express their frustration / anger with how the ABC is operating news and current affairs.

  32. Umm… ¿seguro que no son fakes? Me refiero a que los artworks los suelen publicar en b/n, y bien podrían ser estas unas ilustraciones de temática 1000 y una noches para dar veracidad a la “noticia”. No sé, es que es la primavera vez que veo “artworks” casi como en acuarela.

  33. This right here -> “Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God.” Is good!!!! I got to go look up the address for that!!!! I am a living witness that God will continue to purify the heart more and more and more. The longer you go, the deeper He gets.

  34. I've used the F word a handful of times, uttered by bad-tempered characters where is makes sense. As for things like violence, I have a mixture of explicit (but usually quick) and implied off-stage. I try to keep to a few limited points of view, so a lot happens out of their view, and I have no problem keeping it that way. It's all a question of what fits.

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  36. Well it finally got cold here.I'm getting a little wagon I can pull for the garden.I figured that would be better.I do like the wheel barrow with the long handle for other stuff.Stay warm up there!

  37. Hoi Kenneth,Top, het is inderdaad makkelijk om in één keer op meerdere foto’s een presets toe te passen. Ideaal. Maar.. dit betekent niet dat ik al díe foto’s ook wil exporteren. Als ik er dan bijvoorbeeld één kies en daar op klik en ga exporteren, exporteert Lightroom alles wat ik daarvoor geselecteerd heb. Hoe houd ik dat tegen?Ik probeer ook Lightroom af te sluiten en opnieuw te openen, maar dat verhelpt dit probleem niet.Wederom bedankt voor jouw antwoord.Sheila

  38. I didn’t know you could clean oil paintbrushes with cooking oil! Dayum. Thanks!And thanks for comment re: artwork. It’s been ages since I actually got paint under my fingernails, and it’s really satisfying. Digital is a wonderful thing, but there’s nothing like holding the art in your hands. Now I have like 6 blank canvases needing paint and I’m starting to store art supplies under my desk. Rot roh!

  39. Wieder super für mich als Curry-Fan! Auch wenn ich gerade auf der Leitung stand. Mein Hirn hat nämlich spontan Karfiol mit Karneol vertauscht – was von der Farbe durchaus passen würde (könnte also glatt als Tisch-Deko herhalten 😉

  40. Then, the other possibility that I posed – that Gian took von Mises’ quotes out of context – appears to be the accurate one. I did not mean to insult you, and I apologize if I did; I meant only to help keep you on the “straight and narrow” of your path. It is a common failing for all of us that our various potential idolatries can compete for our attention. I am glad to see that you have a clear perspective on this and that you are not allowing this to happen.

  41. Today, while I was at work, my sister stole my apple ipad and tested to see if it can survive a thirty foot drop, just so she can be a youtube sensation. My apple ipad is now destroyed and she has 83 views. I know this is totally off topic but I had to share it with someone!

  42. Hey, Doc, another great vid! To lighten-up your load, you might look into a motorcycle “Trickle Charger” for charging that battery. Battery Tender is a common brand, but Yuasa and Opti-Mate make nicer ones with more sophisticated charging programs and desulfation modes. 50-60 bucks would get you a great charger the size and weight of a “Wall Wart” power supply, and can be safely left unattended. Take care!

  43. Álvaro gracias, está muy chévere y si Mockus no gana podemos tener esta entrevista como base de las cosas que podemos exigirle al nuevo (viejo) mandatario

  44. Ummm… I liked the last one better. This one needs a bit more work on the transition from tears to lovemaking.(This is purely the reader in me speaking, not the Gaysi activist!)

  45. Great idea, 1st Grade Teacher! I've used something similar with my drama students, sometimes adding "style" (as a nursery rhyme, as a jingle), conflict etc. Older kids would have fun making them up for each other, too. Thanks for commenting!Recent blog:=-

  46. diz:Existem realmente peixes que podem voar?…Sim, alguns peixes de gua salgada tm esta capacidade, por exemplo os peixes-voadores (Exocoetidae spp.). Eles possuem barbatanas peitorais muito….

  47. Beleza só faltou o sr. colocar neste levantamento os gastos ou seja o que sobrou liquido de tudo isso. ai sim ficaria completo seu levantamento, mas valeu muito bom.

  48. I was recommended this website through my cousin. I’m now not certain whether this put up is written through him as nobody else recognize such specified approximately my trouble. You’re amazing! Thank you!

  49. Thanks man! There was a bug with completion actually. It would be possible to get 100% and have still missed a room or sidequest. I fixed that in this update, so maybe there’s a room or sidequest that you’re missing?

  50. You almost have ME in tears from your comment! Hehe.I appreciate your well wishes so very much (Matt does too!), and thank you also for your kind words about our wedding “style”!

  51. Je n’ai pas eu l’honneur de connaître Michel Falise, mais je sais qu’il est à la base des fondations sur lesquelles nous bâtissons et faisons évoluer l’IESEG aujourd’hui. Ces fondations sont saines, solides et pérennes, grâce à son travail.Sincères condoléances à sa famille, ses proches pour cette immense perte.

  52. je voudrais savoir pour quelle raison a sous-préfecture m’ a envoyée devant la commission médicale ( pas de délits, pas de contravention -hormis dépasssements de vitesse à 1 point-, pas de profession le justifiant, pas mon médecin).ET/OU un quidam peut-il par malveillance mettre en branle une préfecture ?Merci pour de me répondre pour m éviter la « paranoïa »

  53. Oh, and call it the Winnitron Legacy and put sweet Tron graphics all over it and then disappear for a few years inside it and discover the beauty of spontaneously occuring Olivia Wilde.

  54. Hugely helpful and the timing is perfect. I have been pushing for the last two weeks. Deep breath, feel the emotions, stay in the present moment. Thank you for the reminder!!! This feels so much better.

  55. It is my belief that mesothelioma is most dangerous cancer. It’s got unusual attributes. The more I actually look at it the greater I am confident it does not behave like a real solid cells cancer. In case mesothelioma is often a rogue viral infection, in that case there is the prospects for developing a vaccine as well as offering vaccination for asbestos exposed people who are at high risk with developing long term asbestos relevant malignancies. Thanks for expressing your ideas on this important health issue.

  56. Cool, Thanks!Now one more question…how can I attach a stylesheet to it? I tried following the same guide as above, but because the script is different, it’s not quite working. Is it possible to customize it using a stylesheet like the above tutorial?Thanks again!

  57. Thanks ladies! Burdens tend to feel so much lighter when you realize you're not the only one carrying them–so glad to have you to share with. And I promise: once you realize you are unlimited, you can't unlearn it. Things will only get better from here!

  58. Cmmon be rasional..cukup2la emo. ….To me:Izara- cantik + talented and. ….Neelofa – cantik + talented + brilliant + Auraingat sekarang nk jadi miss world ka universe ke or dewi remaja ke tak bole la depends on d beauty only but “package” babe..jgn mara…act i pun suka jugak tengok izara nie. ..Hot debate. What do you think? 11  18

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  60. fdc[56]“actually he wold have opined based on his analysis of financial documents of which he had no first hand knowledge”Just busted a gut with this slop.So the head supervisor of the nations banks, who advises on monetary and fiscal policy had no first hand knowledge? The former CEO of GS who jammed armageddon down the throat of Congress. The same individual that robbed taxpayers by creating an AIG conduit? That’s it, you really are pret.

  61. Your beliefs regarding sin and guilt are YOURS as well as your values and moral standards. Nowhere in the Constitution are we given the right to tell others how they can live. Your rights end where someone else’s begin. What you are doing is buying into the idea that you are somehow better than someone else. Your own Bible tells you to “judge not, lest ye be judged”. That is pretty plainly stated. If you believe what is contained in that book, mind your own business and leave the judgement to your God.

  62. Thanks Christine,I do not believe that children belong in adult wards of psychiatric hospitals.The function of this site is not to air my views. Instead, it exists so that those who were in children’s institutions can share thier experiences so that others may understand.It is your views and experiences that matter most Christine. I am learning from you.

  63. Åhh krydser alt hvad krydset kan for vil virkelig gerne vinde det fotoshot. Det er nogle sindsyge flotte billeder han har fået taget af dine fantastiske piger og ville elske at ha sådan et billed af min lille fe her hjemme..

  64. oh, dear, I can imagine your frenzy ! Each time something happened to my kids, I go frantic with panic. Its good that you kept your cool. And you poor dear, you must have worried so much !!But what a little brave boy Tim is !! Hugs and kisses to both of you !

  65. now we know the general idea behind Hamming error correcting codes, and how one might construct and visualize hypercubes.  Now suppose we want to encode, in an error correcting way, 4 bits.  Recall that this means

  66. those kids made me cry. this is terrible and most of our people don’t even realize they have done this to their own children. im light, my husband is dark. we/i teach them they are beautiful. we are all shades. black is beautiful. we dont have to tan, we dont try to copy everyone else’s style and habits. we are the most imitated culture in the world and yet we hate ourselves? why??????

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  68. Thanks for documenting this piece of eBook history Chris. I always enjoy learning about the early days of digital reading. You should write a book! Or at least a long blog post about all of the major eBook sellers and free eBooks sites that have come and gone; what eBook reading was like in the old days, ect. Thanks for your unique perspective.

  69. Not sure if I am eligible (thanks Rob for help spelling that word!) either but I love the smell of lilacs. I have 3 lilac bushes in my front yard and when they are in bloom, the smell wafts up through my open window of my scrapbook room. Always around my birthday too.

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