Braucht jede Geschichte eine Charakterentwicklung?

Lucy Hay stellt auf ihrem Blog Bang2Write eine hervorragende Frage: Muss die Hauptfigur in einer Geschichte zwingend eine Charakterentwicklung durchmachen? Muss sie etwas wichtiges lernen, an der Geschichte „wachsen“, um am Ende jemand anderes, „besseres“ zu sein, als am Anfang?

Wer einmal einen Drehbuchschreibkurs oder ein Dramaturgie-Buch gelesen hat, wird diese Fragen reflexartig mit „Ja“ beantworten.

Lucy Hay nennt in ihrem lesenswerten Beitrag jedoch einige prominente Filmbeispiele, die völlig ohne Figurenentwicklung auskommen: Ripley in „Alien“, McClane in „Die Hard“ oder Forrest Gump. In der Tat dürfte die statische Hauptfigur in den meisten Action- und Superheldenfilmen eher die Regel als die Ausnahme sein. Auch in Komödien kommen immer wieder statische Hauptfiguren vor, etwa Harry and Lloyd in „Dumb and Dumber“ oder Jeff Lebowski in „The Big Lebowski“. Auch in „Fargo“ lernt keine der Hauptfiguren erkennbar etwas hinzu.

Die charakterliche Entwicklung der Hauptfigur ist sicherlich für viele Geschichten von zentraler Bedeutung. Aber wie die Beispiele zeigen eben nicht immer.

Trotzdem wird das Mantra „Eine Hauptfigur muss an der Geschichte wachsen“ jedem angehenden Autor – und schlimmer noch Nicht-Autor – ständig und überall eingetrichtert. Warum auch nicht? Charakterentwicklung schadet schließlich nie. Oder?

Meine Antwort darauf wäre: meistens nicht. Aber manchmal macht sie die Geschichte auch nicht besser. Ein gutes Beispiel dafür ist Alfonso Cuaróns „Gravity“: hätte der Film nicht auch ohne die bemühte Überwindung des Muttertraumas von Sandra Bullocks Figur Stone hervorragend funktioniert? Hätte er nicht vielleicht sogar besser funktioniert, weil durch eine weniger psychologisch angeschlagene Figur die Glaubwürdigkeit der Geschichte nicht so stark strapaziert worden wäre? (Warum um alles in der Welt wird eine Frau, die psychisch derart labil ist, auf eine Weltraummission geschickt?!?)

Vor allem aber kann ein zu starker Fokus auf Figurenentwicklung bei der Entwicklung einer Geschichte, die stark über die äußere Handlung funktioniert auch hinderlich sein. Wir alle kennen diese Figuren, die mit komplexen persönlichen Konflikten in eine Geschichte gehen und diese damit einfach nur überfrachten. Weniger ist manchmal mehr.

Wenn man eine gut funktionierende, spannende oder lustige Geschichte hat und bei der Entwicklung feststellt, dass die Hauptfigur keine wirkliche Entwicklung durchmacht, sollte man nicht gleich die Hände über dem Kopf zusammenschlagen. Vielleicht braucht diese Geschichte dann einfach keine Charakterentwicklung.

Wie Lucy Hay völlig richtig feststellt, ist eine charakterliche Entwicklung der Hauptfigur nicht das erzählerische Allheilmittel, als dass es von den meisten Schreibratgebern dargestellt wird. Sie wird in der Tat seit einigen Jahren deutlich überstrapaziert. Wenn ein starker, konfliktreicher Plot vorhanden ist, ist es manchmal besser, den Helden zwischen all der Action nicht auch noch sein Kindheitstrauma aufarbeiten zu lassen.

85 thoughts on “Braucht jede Geschichte eine Charakterentwicklung?

  1. A stock market-eket alapvetÅ‘en megváltoztatta a számitástechnika. Modellek, szimulációk helyettesítik az emberi spekulációt, s ezáltal paradox módon megnÅ‘tt az összeomlás lehetÅ‘sége. A “szabadság”-ot az egyéni aktorok szempontjából ételmeztem. Az elsÅ‘ világháború után a nÅ‘k jóval szabadabbá váltak, mint voltak elÅ‘tte. A délszláv háborúk utójátékok voltak, s ha nem könnyen de nem a rabság jegyében értek véget.

  2. nov14 I appear to be having a hard time subscribing to your Feed. It shows as an 500. Let me know if this is a typical error or if its just me. Ive tried Safari and IE. Im utilizing AVG Firewall and im not sure how to turn it off . Im not that good with PCs. I’ll bookmark your site and see if you have responded. thanks!

  3. Thank you so much for this information, Talhia. I was directed to your blog by a member of another group. I’ve been wondering about a Kindle for some time. Now I will take a good look at a Sony. thank you so much. Laurel

  4. Je veux bien aller fouiner dans ce "grenier" avec toi… je vais aller le faire dès que j'ai un peu de temps… je ne reconnais personne sur la photo, j'ai des ancêtres normands à Dieppe, mais pas en Bretagne, du moins pas à ma connaissance.Elle est belle cette photo !

  5. how lovely to hear from you! I am very glad to hear that your doc is still doing so well… he sounds a lot like his dad too. give him a big hug from us! thanks for writing, it gives us great joy to hear about dogs that have either been sired by our boys– or bred by us . it makes it all so worthwhile

  6. Not only do children want to know the truth, they need to know the truth. How can they begin to deal with pressing issues in the world if we feed them incorrect information? I have read your book and I was interested to see that you came to the same conclusion that Jim Giblin did when he wrote about plague. Those darn germs keep changing and adapting. Interesting connection for us teachers! As a teacher I want to say, you need to keep writing about the truth as you see it. Not every story for children has to be a "happily ever after" story.

  7. i got a? corner and now his mine, his not gonna get away this time. ill snatch him fast before he can blink, and then… OH MAN HIS ASLEEP IN THE SINK… hahahahaha LOVED THAT PART

  8. I also think Zhenya should rest a bit, it’s been a long time since I saw her beeing so tired – her balances arenot stable, her knees start to bend, she looses apparatus… It breaks my heart seeing her so tired, I hope she’ll not get injured ;( ;( ;(Zhenya, we all support you and keep our fingers crossed for you. :*

  9. Hola Jorge”Chino”Navarrete.Contento de poder saludarte desde tu página virtual,y contento de saber de tu espíritu en alto.Has sabidoasimilar con positivismo las pruebas difíciles encontradasa lo largo de tu vida.Veo que no te has dejado avasallarpor las fuerzas del rencor,sino al contrario ,salido adelantepensando que es más fructífero aprender de los imprevistos,como también de los posibles propios errores.Amigo,bienestar para ti y familia.

  10. ohhhh ben dis donc c’est pas la joie tout ça! je pense bien fort à vous et j’espère que les choses vont se calmer un peu et que les meilleurs côtés de la vie vont vite revenir! bon courage!!!… cheval de course, course à pied, pied-à-terre, terre de feu, feufollet 🙂

  11. Excellent post. I was checking continuously this blog and I am impressed!Extremely helpful info specially the last part 🙂 I care for such information much. I was seeking this particular info for a long time.Thank you and best of luck.My web site

  12. IYFI, in the thread where you lost your temper over some purchase of sundries, I mentioned MnS were not that altogether on the till front, it worked to my advantage, not yours, obviously….but heigh no, Buddha will sort this shit out in the afterlife.

  13. Meu amigo…A Honda deveria fazer um estágio lá em Woking para aprender com o „chato de galochas“ Ron Dennis como gerir uma equipe e principalmente, como amar um esporte…abs

  14. I’ve been browsing online greater than 3 hours as of late, yet I by no means discovered any interesting article like yours. It is beautiful price enough for me. In my view, if all website owners and bloggers made excellent content as you did, the internet will probably be much more helpful than ever before. “When there is a lack of honor in government, the morals of the whole people are poisoned.” by Herbert Clark Hoover.

  15. Hi, weeks later…Seriously, it’s really easy. If you have a pair of GOOD, REALLY SHARP fabric shears that have never been used to cut anything but fabric, you’ll have no problem. Just unroll completely, draw a super-light pencil line, and cut slowly with your shears moving along the surface of the floor/table.(I don’t think they’re discontinued, thought—there was a “recall”, but that was just to give people a spare part in case it had gone missing. IKEA still has them in stock and on their website.)

  16. en. hamzah yang dihormati…(seyes mmg betol2 hormat ni)..boley tak anda gantikan word t*t*k tuh kepada payu dara ataupun perkataan yang lebey sesuai? da macam blog porn ade jgak sy tengok blog anda ni..haish..oh ! mmg prihatin..^________^v

  17. hay maletas que bloquean el carro de la cremallera. si te la abren con el boligrafo no la pueden cerrar, asi que se ve.en la del video la solucion seria utilizar ese candado que tiene suelto y sujetarlo a un punto fijo.

  18. Celso Azevedo • 10 de Abril de 2011 às 22:50Olá Thiago,o upload de temas apenas é possível para quem usa o WordPress.ORG. Se o seu site é o que deixou aqui nos comentários, ele está no wordpress.COM que é um serviço muito limitado e não dá nem para editar temas nem fazer upload (a não ser que pague para poder fazer isso)

  19. anna:åh, så synd. men du borde titta på den när jag fått hem mina boxar, du kan få låna dem! du kommer bli frälst (hoppas jag iaf). även om du inte får en massa nostalgi och så. starzinger står sig trots det! ;D

  20. Mark, I agree completely with the first comment, excepting the part God is supposed to play in the affair. I just can’t picture a God of the type that would know the number of hairs in each of our heads and care about it. Such a God would be comforting on the one hand, and terrifying on the other. I would invoke something impersonal LIKE Karma, when in mystical mode.

  21. Har tenkt mye på dette selv, selv om jeg er åpen for at vi kjøper mat ifra andre land etc, synes jeg vi skal stå for mer egen prodsert mat, både for egen bruk og andres,Om det skulle oppstå en krise i form av EU/krig/naturkatastrofer +++++. så er landbruk vitalt å ha

  22. Jeg ser det er fint når sola skinner og snøen ligger der så hvit og ren. Men jeg er så lei av kulde,holkeføre og snø.Jeg lengter skikkelig etter våren.Gratulerer med symaskin.Jeg må bare til pers i helga med symaskina mi,men vi liker ikke hverandre så det blir litt knuffing og stygge ord før jeg er ferdig med syingen.Ha en fin kveldKlem

  23. Hi all, I’ve added this article to my favorites browser link bar because I want to read it again. I agree on a lot of the viewpoints you have written, but I feel the need to consider some aspects, and I simply love your opinion. For what its worth I will tell all my friends about it, quite imaginative. Later.

  24. Rattling nice style and superb subject material, absolutely nothing else we require ….I like what you guys are up too. Such intelligent work and reporting! Keep up the superb works guys I have incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it will improve the value of my web site . “Blessed is he who has found his work let him ask no ot…

  25. Parece-me bem…desde que continues o teu bom trabalho! Eu tenho um blog familiar (privado) do Typepad e estou tão satisfeita com ele que vou avançar para um profissional (público) por lá. Parece-me muito bom e mudar faz sempre bem! Força!

  26. > Lapsuslinguae« C’est Camille qui vous a encore sorré les oneilles ?  »Sorré, je ne sais, mais tiné, peut-être : s’il n’y avait pas Camille, qui nous mettrait le nez dans nos abstractions ?

  27. Merci pour ces conseils, je fais l’erreur des tags qui sont similaires à mes catégories. Comme quoi on pense souvent bien faire et ça se retourne contre nous

  28. Liebe Editha,Laut deinem Bericht hattet ihr sehr viel Spaß in München. Ich vermute, dass es zu dem Termin war, an dem die Gegg’s mit dir dort waren. Bleibt nur noch zu sagen: wiedermal ein toller Bericht, tolle Fotos, weiter so!!!Beste Grüße,Patrick

  29. All great points James. Certainly a ball control offense is important and useful to a lot of football teams. Are the Cowboys one of those? I really don’t know. Originally I would say no. . .they are better than nearly every team and should try to extend the game, not shorten it.However, after watching them play through four games, it is clear they are at least slightly less talented and quite a bit less productive than I anticipated.

  30. dit :Do you have a spam concern on this web site; I also am a blogger, and I was wondering your scenario; weve got developed some nice techniques and we are looking to exchange options with other individuals, be certain to shoot me an e-mail if interested.

  31. Really enjoying hearing about your hike! I’m getting ready to take baby steps into backpacking, and your blog has really helped me prepare. Thanks for the trail twittering– I feel like I understand a lot more about how things really work out there, like getting water, resupplying, finding your way when you’re lost, etc.

  32. By February 18, 2013 – 7:49 pmI have a blog on blogger and every time i go to my blog it counts it as a page view even when im logged in. How do i make it only count the views from other people?.

  33. SÃ¥ utrolig genialt! Dette var absolutt ett tips jeg kommer til Ã¥ etterape…! Nydelige og stemningsfulle bilder her hos deg:)Ønsker deg en fin fredag, og en riktig god helg!Klem fra Hildegunn

  34. are scary times. I look at my children sometimes and I wonder, what will they face? I think of the little girl who may already be waiting for us across the ocean and I long to gather her close, too. To protect her from the scary. To tell her it’s okay,

  35. She is not a fiscal conservative… I’m beginning to think the dems are more fiscally conservative than republicans…How is it that republicans are elected over and over based on what they say, but no one ever seems to care what they actually do?

  36. thank you so much, I am really glad you like it, I appreciate your it.“you should post your piece separately just to have an archive of it here!” so do I need to include my radio show separately, in my best work? This class has been one of my favorite class, I really enjoyed this class, thank you so much for having me in this class-Thank you again

  37. me metí para leer los periodos de sueño de un bebe, porque mi niño tiene 4 meses y batalla mucho para dormir, incluso hasta 8 o 10 veces en la noche se despierta….duerme como 20 minutos y luego se despierta, quisiera saber que puedo hacer.

  38. Hummusta suosittelen kokeilmaan myös lisäämällä tohon reseptiin pari teelusikallista juustokuminaa eli jeeraa 😎 Ite oon käyttänyt Rajah-merkkistä mutta muistaakseni Ruohonjuuresta saa luomunakin <3

  39. At the end of the conference we were at, some couples had reconciled. I think this happens frequently at these conferences. It may only be a beginning on a path to recovery, but it sounds like a new beginning is what you could use. Go for it. I'm praying for you Nikki.God is goodjpu

  40. This is so absolutely refreshing. I silently pat myself on the back every time I manage to get through an airport without issue and I wonder how everyone else is so non-chalant about it.I’m so relieved that it isn’t just me.When it comes right down to it, if I sally on and push through the panic attacks, everything turns out all right in the end… even at the DMV or doctor’s office when I hopelessly just want to throw my debit card at them and tell them to just make it all just go away.

  41. e1I am not sure where you’re getting your information, but good topic. I needs to spend some time learning more or understanding more. Thanks for magnificent information I was looking for this info for my mission.42a

  42. 22/11/2012 – 3:22pmMuy mal juanmi, me has engañado, cuando se pone un enlace a Roncero hay que indicarlo. Lo siento pero no he podido terminarlo, he llegado hasta aquí:“he tenido la sensación, la evidencia y las pruebas de que Platini y su organización no quieren ver al Madrid levantando la soñada Décima.”¿Pruebas? Oh, maestro del periodismo, comparte tu reportaje de investigación con nosotros, el resto de los mortales. Ah, ¿que como prueba tenemos que aceptar tu palabra como quien acepta pulpo como animal de compañía? Ejem, ¿donde se firma para promover un carnet de periodista por puntos?

  43. à®®ிகவுà®®் தேவையான நல்ல கட்டுà®°ை. ஈழத்தில் பெà®°ியாà®°் தேவையோ இல்லையோ, ஆனால் ஐரோப்பாவில் கட்டாயம் பெà®°ியாà®°் இயக்கம் தேவை. தமிà®´்நாட்டை விட à®®ிக à®®ோசமான à®®ுà®±ையில் ஐரோப்பியத் தமிà®´à®°்களிடம் à®®ூடநம்பிக்கைகள் வளர்ந்து போய் உள்ளன. à®®ூடத் தனமுà®®், காட்டுà®®ிà®°ாண்டித்தனமுà®®் வளர்கிறதே தவிà®° குà®±ையவில்லை. இங்கே ஆயிà®°à®®் பெà®°ியாà®°் இயக்கங்கள் தேவை

  44. Leveto, you’re right !… Je n’avais pas vu !… (ça m’étonne, mais… Who knows ?…)Pour les 0%, d’après vous ?… (aurais-je du mettre une virgule entre Yaourt et Zerbinette ?…)Pour mon QI, don’t worry… J’ai passé l’examen récemment, et j’ai eu 18 ! J’étais content !Pierre Henri

  45. Yo también me marché sin despedirme y la culpa no la tuvo la pasta, sino el gazpacho que se calentaba.¡Sniffffff! Espero que Paco no se haya enfadado.Un beso.PD ¿Oreja a la plancha? ¿Qué plato era ése?

  46. à°…ంజని à°šిà°¤్తజల్à°²ు à°—ాà°°ు, „à°Žà°²్లలెà°°ుà°—à°¨ి à°µాà°°à°®ు“ à°ªాà°Ÿ à°²ిà°°ిà°•్à°¸్ à°¨ా దగ్à°—à°°ుà°¨్à°¨ాà°¯ి. à°®ీà°•ు à°•ాà°µాà°²ంà°Ÿే à°šెà°ª్à°ªంà°¡ి. ఇరవయ్à°¯ేà°³్à°² à°•్à°°ిà°¤ం à°¨ేà°¨ు à°Žà°¨ిà°®ిà°¦ో à°•్à°²ాà°¸ు à°šà°¦ుà°µుà°¤ుà°¨్నపుà°¡ు ఆదిà°µాà°°ం ఉదయం à°šిà°¤్తరంజన్ à°—ాà°°ు à°¹ైదరాà°¬ాà°¦్ à°°ేà°¡ిà°¯ో à°¸్à°Ÿేà°·à°¨్à°²ో „కలసి à°ªాà°¡ుà°¦ాం“ à°•ాà°°్యక్à°°à°®ంà°²ో à°¨ేà°°్à°ªుà°¤ుంà°Ÿే à°¨ేà°°్à°šుà°•ుà°¨్à°¨ాà°¨ు.

  47. Bruna comentou em 6 de julho de 2012 às 23:25. Santo Deus… ainda bem que minha vó já não tá mais entre a gente pra ver o tipo de preocupação fútil e inútil que anda rondando a cabeça das garotas. E mulheres. Que pena.

  48. Seeing them like that, so big, they really are almost the same; however, I like your cover better! The two different font colours and the centering of the title and your name work better, in my opinion. (Plus the colour of your cover is better — the girl looks slightly jaundiced on the other cover!)Thanks for linking to my blog!

  49. Well put Bomber but a waste of time. The anonymous poster above is simply a troll. The debating style is instantly recognisable:“Stop looking there (at the slaughter in Palestine, Iraq etc.) – look over here at these barbaric Muslims!“Makes no sense at all but the object is to sway the soft-brained among us.

  50. Ich hab mich während der Präsentation gefragt warum du nicht nach MySpace gefragt hast. Gibt’s da gründe für oder ist es einfach ein Sonderfall? :-)Grüße André

  51. Tremendous to be stumbling up to your web-site once further, it has been nearly a year for me. Anyway, this is the weblog post that i’ve been searching for so lengthy. I can use this report to end my assignment in the school, plus it has identical subject matter like your short piece of writing. Thank you, incredible share.

  52. I think it’s a bit hard to say this. It’s not “anti-capitalistic” neither i think… the enemy it’s the old Korean medieval-style aristocracy that (as often happened in all the medieval societies) exploited the farmers. Farmers revolts are not something of unseen in the past (both in finction and in history) and the “political” theme it’s one of the most genuine i could say.

  53. The gospel writers didn’t put tough questions in front of the Jesus in there stories. No reason for him to evade them. Just as Plato made sure Socrates deftly handled all his questions.

  54. // 15 h. Le Japon distribue de l’iode. L’Agence internationale de l’énergie atomique a été informée par les autorités japonaises qu’elles prenaient des dispositions en vue de distribuer de l’iode aux riverains des centrales nucléaires touchées par le séisme du 11 mars.//(Lien de Sandgirl)De l’intérêt de s’indigner contre les centrales nucléaires avant qu’elles ne soient construites.

  55. Thank you! And you can’t bet some good Cajun food. My dad’s friend is from New Orleans and his parents would come visit him in GA. They always invited us over for dinner when they were in town. I loved it! She made the best dirty rice and bread pudding!

  56. Jane :無辦法的。我影印然後作高解像攝影成大圖,已經是最 reader-friendly å–‡,大圖是很清晰的,可看清楚每一個字。因為「號外」呢本嘢,既無電子書( pdf之類 ),網上亦無人用 html 轉載,基本上係搵唔到,就算在街買,也非常難買到 ( 我就買唔到喇…),所以唯有影印再翻拍囉。

  57. 14cThis is a great question, and I had often wondered if competition would lead to this. the most obvious example is what Bing is doing related to e-commerce.One huge challenge is spam/fraud. if google wanted to “reward” its loyal users, how would you define loyal in a way that didn’t invite fraud?3 45

  58. Wirklich eine super Doku, aber ich bin auch deiner Meinung, dass man vieles selber steuern kann. Allerdings ist dieses angesprochene Hungergefühl meist wirklich sehr nervig bis unaushaltsam…[]

  59. The only reason I went into higher education instead of becoming a shop assistant or shorthand-typist was because a Careers Adviser encouraged – and even bullied – me and literally stood over me while I filled in the forms. Sadly, I don't remember her name, but I've never forgotten what she did for me.

  60. 92 10-12-11 spune: fa upgrade la driverele de la placa video.1. cu ce aplicatie rulezi filmul ?2. ti se face ecranul negru si cand te uiti la un film de pe youtube in fullscreen? +46V-a ajutat acest raspuns?

  61. I always wondered if socialism could gain power in a society dominated by older people. The premise always was that the working class is the majority, so it deserves to rule – The Rule of the Proletariat. Yet at some point working people will be a minority. Then what?

  62. I did have to move places with books:P .(far less than yours, but still a full bookshelf worth). Carried them around through Cluj in a mountain backpack. Took forever :)) .(though, even funnier than the same books twice I ended up with having the same book in both Romanian and English. for variety :D )Then again, I would’ve loved just switching rooms. Rearranging books is ridiculously fun.

  63. pa jeste, videcete)…e, pa iz kojeg sam onda mesta ja, ako se meni svidja Pristina?))))))))) u Prizrenu smo bili u stvari samo par sati, pa nisam razumela nista… ja sam na Pristininij strani onda!

  64. Нi, I do believе thіs is a great webѕite.I stumbleduρon it I am going to сοmе back once agaіnsinсe і haνe book mагkеԁ it.Μoney аnd frеeԁom іsthe best wаy to chаnge, may уoube rich and continue tо guide οtherѕ.

  65. Why do you keep slamming China? Many of our top scientists and professors are from China. While Israel kills scientists in Iran, China is slammed for importing a few tires. China has become more of a free society and made great economic progress in recent years. We should be happy for their successes, not envious.

  66. Nice one. Your abs really are detailed in this vid. I hurt my lower back holding a plank position while resting on my elbows and pulsing my pelvis up and down. I think I saw this variation somewhere in a fitness mag and it seemed to work fine for awhile but one dayZAP! and I was done!

  67. Exactly and Kylie shouldn’t just settle for Derek because her and Lucas’s relationship is complicated. I’m team Lucas all the way. I’m a complete sucker for bright blue eyes and black hair, plus I love bad boys, plus LUCAS NEVER GIVES UP ON KYLIE UNLIKE SOME PEOPLE (cough! DEREK! Cough!)

Schreibe einen Kommentar

Deine E-Mail-Adresse wird nicht veröffentlicht.

* Die Checkbox für die Zustimmung zur Speicherung ist nach DSGVO zwingend.

Ich stimme zu.